Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases (Tuberc Respir Dis)
to high-quality academic experimental or clinical research that will
contribute to the development of knowledge of the etiology, diagnosis
and treatment of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases. Manuscripts
types include Original Articles, Reviews, Case Reports, Image of the
Month, Editorial, and Letter to the Editor. Other types of manuscripts
will be considered subject to review by the editorial board. The journal
is issued on the last day of the month.
Ethical guidelines for research and publication
All work must conform to the ethical guidelines specified on Uniform
Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
Research involving human subjects must conform to the ethical guidelines
specified by the Declaration of Helsinki
). It is recommended that
any research dealing with a clinical trial be registered with a primary
national clinical trial registration site such as
, or other sites accredited by the WHO or the
Internation Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The relevant studies
must have been approved by the Institutional Ethics Board or
Institutional Review Board of each institution. It should also be noted,
where applicable, that study subjects provided written informed consent.
In cases of animal experimental studies, the experimental procedure must
conform to the guidelines of the Institutional Ethics Board or those
specified on the NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.
The editorial board reserves the right to require authors to submit
copies of informed consent forms and a letter of the approval signed by
the Institutional Ethics Board, if applicable.
Disclosure of conflict of interest
Financial and material support should be disclosed in the
acknowledgements. Any outside financial support associated with the
study, including stocks or consultation fees, should be disclosed on the
transfer of copyright form. This form must be signed by all the authors.
In general, manuscripts containing content that was previously published
in other journals will not be considered. Manuscripts may not be
submitted simultaneously to any other journal. However, in cases in
which manuscripts are to be submitted to other journals whose primary
language and readership are different from those of the current journal,
a duplicate publication might be permitted by both parties, together
with suitable disclosure. This is permitted in cases which fulfill the
criteria specified in Annals of Internal Medicine (Ann Intern Med
With regard to all matters associated with research ethics, such as
ethical guidelines and plagiarism/duplicate publication/scientific
misconduct, the review and processing procedures are based on 'Good
Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals'
) and 'Guidelines on Good
Submission of manuscripts
All cover letters, checklists, manuscripts, figures and tables should be
submitted through the on-line submission system
) of The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and
Respiratory Diseases (http://www.lungkorea.org
). In general, manuscripts
should be submitted by first authors, but submission by co-authors can
The cover letter should state that the manuscript contains the authors'
original work. If full or partial results described in this manuscript
were previously published or reported in other journals or reports, then
the authors should disclose this and provide details.
Following acceptance for publication, a copyright transfer agreement
should be submitted, via fax or mail, to:
The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
101-605 58, Banpo-dae, Seocho-gu, Seoul,
All manuscripts submitted are reviewed and edited through the on-line
submission system (http://esubmit.lungkorea.org
) of The Korean Academy
of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases (http://www.lungkorea.org
Submission and reviewing instructions, troubleshooting and questions
regarding the review process and related matters can be found on the
Submitted manuscripts are reviewed by more than two members of the
editorial board and outside specialists in the relevant fields. If the
editorial board determines that a manuscript is suitable for
publication, it recommends appropriate revisions and corrections to the
authors. Once the authors have completed the revisions, the manuscript
should be resubmitted together with a detailed letter addressing the
editors' and reviewers' recommendations.
In some cases, it might be necessary to revise the style or format of a
manuscript to conform to publication policy, without substantially
altering the original content.
Any manuscripts that do not meet the criteria of the journal may be
rejected. All decisions on publication and publication order are made by
the editorial board.
During a review process, unless specific reasons are provided, failure
to resubmit a revised manuscript within 90 days will be considered an
abandoned publication and the review process will be concluded.
Once the proof is completed and authors are asked for final revisions,
these should be submitted within a week.
Principles of manuscript preparation
Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word (.doc, .docx) or
Arae-Ah Hangul (.hwp). The required formatting is as follows: A4-size
paper, size 12 font, double-spacing, and 2.5 cm margins. Page numbers
should appear at the bottom center of each page, including the title
The total number of pages should not exceed 30 for Original Articles and
20 pages for Case Reports and Image of the Month. Letters to the Editor
should not exceed 2 pages.
Manuscripts should be arranged as Title, Abstract, Keywords,
Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion,
Acknowledgements, References, Figures and Tables. Each section should
commence on a new page.
Manuscripts should be submitted in English.
Acronyms should be avoided where possible. Where a complex or cumbersome
term or phrase is repeatedly used, however, it should be abbreviated,
preferably using standard abbreviations. The abbreviation should be
appear in parentheses following the first use of the term or phrase and
can then be used in the remainder of the text.
Human names, regional names and other proper nouns should be used in
their original form. Arabic numerals should be used. Laboratory
measurements should be expressed in SI (Standard International) units.
Depending on the recommendations of the editorial board, non-SI units
may be used in parentheses. A single space is usually required between
the numeral and the unit; no space is inserted for % and ˚C.
The manuscript type (Original Article, Review, Case Report, Image of the
Month or Letter to the Editor) should be stated on the title page.
The English title should be no longer than 20 words.
The title page should provide the title, author names and current
affiliations and running title. Each name should be followed by a comma
and the author’s most advanced degree. Affiliations should include the
name of the academic institution or organization and the name of the
clinical department or laboratory. In cases in which author affiliations
differ, the institution where the main body of research was performed
should appear first, followed by the other institutions. Superscripted
Arabic numerals beside the author names, without parentheses, should
refer to the list of affiliations.
Details for the corresponding author (name, address, phone number, fax
number and e-mail) should be provided.
A running title, containing a maximum of 10 English words, should be
provided near the bottom of the title page.
Details of any stocks or consulting fees that could be associated with a
conflict of interest relating to the current research should be
specified at the bottom of the title page.
For Original Articles, a structured abstract of up to 250 English words
should be provided, containing categories such as Background, Methods,
Results and Conclusion. The objectives, observations and main results
should be provided. For Case Reports and Image of the Month, the
Abstract should contain a maximum of 150 English words, with no
subsections. Letters to the Editor and Editorials do not require
abstracts. All other manuscripts should include an Abstract.
Three to ten keywords, reflecting the contents of the manuscript, should
be included. Authors should use MeSH (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh
terms from Index Medicus. The first character of each word should be in
Relevant background information should be briefly set out and the
objectives of the study should be clearly and concisely stated.
Materials and Methods
This section should be detailed, and should be presented in a structured
format, including study plan, materials and methods used. Statistical
methods used for data analysis should be provided. In the case of
clinical trials, authentication and approval from the Institutional
Review Board should be specified.
For equipment and reagents, the manufacturer, city and country should be
provided in parentheses.
A detailed description of the study results should be arranged in a
logical manner. In the case of experimental studies, the bulk of the
data should be presented in figures and tables. The contents of figures
and tables should not be repeated in the main text. However, the main
findings should be presented in the main text, with emphasis on the
important trends, statistical significance and key points.
The significance and implications of novel and important findings should
be clearly and concisely presented, without unnecessary duplication of
results. Based on this argument, plausible hypotheses could be proposed
if warranted. Conclusions should refer to the study objectives.
Co-workers and others who contributed significantly to the current
study, but were not co-authors, should be mentioned in the
acknowledgements. All sources of financial and other support should also
The number of references should not exceed 40 for Original Articles and
Reviews, or 15 for Case Reports and Image of the Month.
References should be ordered according to order of appearance in the
text, using Vancouver style. Journal abbreviations should follow Index
Medicus. Unpublished data should preferably not be cited. Where this is
unavoidable, however, the source should be placed in parentheses in the
main text and such expressions as “personal opinion exchange” or
“unpublished data” should be used.
* The citation superscript style is as follows:
Lee1 is --. -- 2,3-5. -- does1,2,
* Style for reference list:
1) Journal citations
Park SK, Choi IH, Kim CM, Kim CT, Song SD. Clinical study of pulmonary
tuberculosis for admitted patients at National Masan Tuberculosis
Hospital. Tuberc Respir Dis 1997;44:241-50.
Drazen JM, Israel E, Boushey HA, Chinchilli VM, Fahy JV, Fish JE, et al.
Comparison of regularly scheduled with as-needed use of albuterol in
mild asthma. N Engl J Med 1996;335:841-7.
All co-authors should be listed unless there are more than seven
authors, in which case the first six are listed, followed by “et al.".
2) Whole books
The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. Respiratory
diseases. 1st ed. Seoul: Koon Ja Publishing, Inc.; 2004.
Light RW. Pleural diseases. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams &
3) Book chapters
Ryu SH. Pulmonary vascular diseases. In: Han YC editor. Clinical
pulmonology. Seoul: Ilchokak; 1990. p. 252-8.
McFadden ER Jr. Chapter 236. Asthma. In: Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci
AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL, editors. Harrison's principles of
internal medicine. 16th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Co, Inc.; 2005. p.
4) Other types of literature should be formatted are based on ‘Citing
Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers’.
Tables should be concise. Use horizontal lines only. Number tables in
the order in which they are mentioned in the main text, and refer to
them in the text as follows:
--- is represented (Table 1). Table 2 represents ---
Place the title above the table, using sentence case. Below each table,
provide a key to abbreviations and additional explanations if needed.
Table footnotes should use these symbols: *, †, ‡, §,∥, ¶, **, †† and
BAL: bronchoalveolar lavage; ICU: intensive care unit;
NS: not significant.
Tables and legends should provide enough detail that the study data can
be understood without reference to the main text.
Tables that have been previously published may not be used.
Figures include graphs, line drawings and photographs. All figures in a
PowerPoint (.ppt) format should be submitted separately from the main
manuscript. Images should be clear, with resolution exceeding 300 dpi.
Each figure should be accompanied by a number. It should be possible for
readers to understand the figures without reference to the text. Number
the figures in the order in which they are mentioned in the main text,
and refer to them in the text as follows:
--- is shown (Figure 1). Figure 2 shows ---
If any images were not generated by the authors, this should be stated
and the source provided.
The magnification ratios should not be written for the photos taken via
light microscopy. However, the magnification ratios and the names of the
special staining methods, and the magnification ratios of the
photomicrographs of electron microscopy should be briefly noted.
Copyright of published manuscripts is owned by Tuberculosis and
Publication fees are payable to the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and
When additional copies are required, the number should be specified on
the title page of the manuscript. There is a fee for extra copies.
Where manuscripts exceed the recommended length, a reduction in length
may be required, or authors may be required to pay extra page charges.
If specialized printing methods or paper types are needed, the
additional costs will be charged to the authors. This does not apply to
manuscripts commissioned by the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and
The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
101-605 58, Banpo-dae, Seocho-gu, Seoul,
Phone : 82-2-575-3825, 576-5347
Fax : 82-2-572-6683
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Website : www.lungkorea.org